Analysing the organisation of an example essay

Now re-read the essay on Reading City. Using the following template, can you identify the different sections of essay? You can print out a copy of the essay, mark the parts of the essay on your copy.

  • Title
  • Introduction (background)
  • Introduction (thesis statement)
  • Paragraph 1 (paragraph leader)
  • Paragraph 1 (paragraph body)
  • Paragraph 2 (paragraph leader)
  • Paragraph 2 (paragraph body)
  • Conclusion (summary)
  • Conclusion (future suggestion: a prediction, recommendation or solution)

“Discuss the reasons why people choose to live in Reading”

Reading is a large town in south-east England with a population of 147,300. It is about halfway between London and Oxford. Some people were born in Reading, and they stay because of their family and friends. Other people, however, have relocated for personal reasons; perhaps they want to take up a new job opportunity or be near their social circle. This essay will discuss two common reasons why some people choose to live in Reading: to improve the quality of their family life and to study.

Reading offers the opportunity for a good work-life balance. It is only 25 minutes from London by train, but the environment is clean, houses are cheaper and there are many leisure opportunities for families. There are parks and pools in the town and the countryside is only a short car drive away. Shopping is also a growing attraction. The number of retail outlets has increased by one third since the opening of the ‘Oracle’, a new shopping complex, in 1999. The town also has a library, many places of worship, a theatre, a concert hall, an art gallery, a museum, two cinemas, a football stadium, and many restaurants. These facilities mean that local people of all ages have places to go.

Many people also come to Reading to study at a language school or at the university. They may choose Reading because the university has an excellent reputation, a beautiful campus and offers a high level of support to its students. Alternatively, the reasons may be more practical. Transport is efficient; there is easy access to London and Heathrow Airport. Accommodation is fairly easy to find and cheaper than London. Job opportunities are also good. Many students take up part-time work, even if English is not their first language.

In conclusion, people live in Reading for their own individual reasons. For some people, Reading represents a lifestyle choice, and for others it offers opportunities to study. With its good employment prospects, ideal location, wide range of leisure facilities, interesting educational opportunities and excellent transport links, it will no doubt continue to be a popular place to live in the future.

 

Analysing the organisation of an example essay

In the previous step, you were asked to identify the different sections of sample essay using the template. Below you can see the text of the essay split into these sections. Did you manage to get it right?

Read through the text below to ensure that you understand what the different parts of an essay do. You can then reuse these building blocks when writing your own essay.


Note: Basic academic essays do not use the headings below (e.g. Introduction, Thesis Statement, Paragraph 1 etc). We have used these headings here, just to show you how this example essay is organised.


Introduction

Background

Reading is a large town in south-east England with a population of 147,300. It is about halfway between London and Oxford. Some people were born in Reading, and they stay because of their family and friends. Other people, however, have relocated for personal reasons; perhaps they want to take up a new job opportunity or be near their social circle.

Thesis statement

This essay will discuss two common reasons why some people choose to live in Reading: to improve the quality of their family life and to study.

Paragraph 1

Paragraph leader

Reading offers the opportunity for a good work-life balance.

Paragraph body

It is only 25 minutes from London by train, but the environment is clean, houses are cheaper and there are many leisure opportunities for families. There are parks and pools in the town and the countryside is only a short car drive away. Shopping is also a growing attraction. The number of retail outlets has increased by one third since the opening of the ‘Oracle’, a new shopping complex, in 1999. The town also has a library, many places of worship, a theatre, a concert hall, an art gallery, a museum, two cinemas, a football stadium, and many restaurants. These facilities mean that local people of all ages have places to go.

Paragraph 2

Paragraph leader

Many people also come to Reading to study at a language school or at the university.

Paragraph body

They may choose Reading because the university has an excellent reputation, a beautiful campus and offers a high level of support to its students. Alternatively, the reasons may be more practical. Transport is efficient; there is easy access to London and Heathrow Airport. Accommodation is fairly easy to find and cheaper than London. Job opportunities are also good. Many students take up part-time work, even if English is not their first language.

Conclusion

Summary

In conclusion, people live in Reading for their own individual reasons. For some people, Reading represents a lifestyle choice, and for others it offers opportunities to study.

Future suggestion

With its good employment prospects, ideal location, wide range of leisure facilities, interesting educational opportunities and excellent transport links, it will no doubt continue to be a popular place to live in the future.


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Previous lessons:

  1. The key features of academic writing
  2. What ideas would you include in an essay?
  3. Main ideas and supporting evidence in an essay
  4. How to organize an essay
Next lessons
  1. How to link the ideas within an essay
  2. Sample structure of an IELTS essay

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